Village Tragadi's Water Security Journey
Tragadi is a coastal village having saline groundwater with TDS around 5000 mg/l. There are few borewells in upstream region for irrigation. The village is dependent on other villages for drinking water source. The village has one drinking water borewell near village pond, but the water quality is an issue. The PGWM intervention (Participatory Groundwater Management) provided security of drinking water and irrigation water for Tragadi.
The village pond has been upgraded to increase water storage and recharge efficiency. Now in once cycle of monsoon, groundwater of drinking water borewell has been improved from 4500 mg/l TDS to 2300 mg/l. however the water is still not potable, but it will improve in a few years with good recharge. Artificial recharge borewell has been constructed in pocket of irrigated fields. Groundwater situation has been improved in surrounding area in term of water table rise and salinity dilution. After getting this benefit Farmer Odubha Rupsangji proposed to construct such artificial recharge borewell in entire area to improve groundwater condition.
ABOUT THE PROGRAMME: PARTICIPATORY GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT
It is proven that groundwater resource is most reliable and secure source that describes development rate and health of environment. Today society already convinced that without proper groundwater management, it is difficult to maintain developmental pace and healthy life. The difficulty is how to manage groundwater as it is invisible and dynamic resource as well it is being used by multi stakeholders without any regulations. All these questions make groundwater management more complex. The complexity doesn't end with its scientific understanding or developing recharge plan, but it requires sensitization of users with base of geo-hydrology study. Considering this, Arid communities and Technologies, (ACT) has evolved participatory groundwater management program. PGWM is being demonstrated Kankavati Sandstone Aquifer of coastal Kachchh in collaboration of ACT, Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL), and Geo Science Services (GSS). By adopting multi-disciplinary approach and PGWM program, the impact has been made on entire cluster in term of awareness of resource, technological intervention, groundwater recharge augmentation, demand management, water security for human and cattle and institution building.